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[NI] LabVIEW官方基础教程(LV8.0)

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    目录8 l8 q! N+ H: J$ i+ f( f# v+ J
    学员指南2 v& R0 }6 R) {) @9 [$ v# Y' G. e" F
    A. 关于本手册..............................................................................................................................................................vii
    7 s7 ~6 ]$ e8 q0 VB. 学习本教程前的准备工作................................................................................................................................viii
    - E4 `6 y# ~( n( P6 FC. 安装教程软件.........................................................................................................................................................ix' l/ N! }! X, r
    D. 教程目标...................................................................................................................................................................ix3 \! K% I" m9 E4 H% H; R5 a2 U
    E. 教程的行文规范....................................................................................................................................................ix
    & z" m& {  A, R: N第1 课1 w" r% F* B; [( P( K3 g4 ~2 N
    设计解决方案
    8 O$ v- l, A: \# d% |7 H2 K' hA. 软件开发规范.........................................................................................................................................................1-2- ^$ ]1 y7 l% q7 ]+ I; Y
    B. 问题描述...................................................................................................................................................................1-2
    & Y  x5 h- r8 `. L+ W' gC. 设计.............................................................................................................................................................................1-2
    ; J7 z; o$ x: ]) g# R+ v9 eD. 实现.............................................................................................................................................................................1-5
    ; ~0 A& k3 `2 jE. 测试.............................................................................................................................................................................1-6
    % k5 i. m7 ]1 G* y+ `: ~! YF. 维护.............................................................................................................................................................................1-6
    2 U, n' v: G; s6 |& V: x4 ^练习 1-1 软件开发规范 ......................................................................................................................................1-7
    - ^+ L! g. |# \$ fG. 教程项目...................................................................................................................................................................1-90 G/ W" z, {6 Q9 j
    第2 课$ ^2 ]: L7 |! ]" M) F
    LabVIEW 导航* x- }" y! [* |. Q( N% J: Q( ^/ m$ T
    A. 虚拟仪器(VI) ..........................................................................................................................................................2-2  e" b. _/ Y# j. z: m; b/ q+ g9 |
    B. VI 的组成部分.........................................................................................................................................................2-2- _: g7 D! A' |
    C. 启动VI........................................................................................................................................................................2-4
    8 @6 I6 l! k) @  jD. 项目浏览器..............................................................................................................................................................2-7
    5 _7 Z# x* c, s! q4 S  G4 I9 hE. 前面板窗口..............................................................................................................................................................2-10+ u6 G! c& _( I) C9 s
    F. 程序框图窗口.........................................................................................................................................................2-16% t2 S) j3 A4 g+ v6 w" b
    练习 2-1 概念:浏览VI .......................................................................................................................................2-23
    # _( F6 y. K( k5 P) VG. 搜索控件、VI 和函数........................................................................................................................................2-24
    " N2 V# g) ~8 N练习 2-2 概念:浏览选板 .................................................................................................................................2-26
    & o- X8 v' [3 n6 k  z) K4 _H. 选择工具...................................................................................................................................................................2-27
    ; T4 f$ y. h, j2 N+ K9 H8 Z- Z. C/ \练习 2-3 概念:选择工具 .................................................................................................................................2-336 J: I4 P8 W8 p' y
    I. 数据流........................................................................................................................................................................2-360 n6 q; ~0 g1 C5 i" e: W0 B( M
    练习 2-4 概念:数据流 ......................................................................................................................................2-377 s$ ~* T/ X. y6 E* M
    J. 创建一个简单的VI...............................................................................................................................................2-38
    1 D. ~7 y; s7 e练习 2-5 Simple AAP VI .......................................................................................................................................2-41
    $ I! O$ k" u' b6 |/ k6 d第3 课+ _. z2 `# U& c) Y
    疑难解答和调试VI
    ; x8 ~$ y- Y! Q1 E0 l- TA. LabVIEW 帮助工具..............................................................................................................................................3-2' F- e4 U+ O' t+ q7 Y% V
    练习 3-1 概念:帮助指南 .................................................................................................................................3-5" J3 _% O0 W' k8 e' f
    B. 纠正断开的VI.........................................................................................................................................................3-8
    6 X$ |: q& c. }- t+ \C. 调试技术...................................................................................................................................................................3-9, Q3 N7 k% l  j
    D. 未定义或不可预期数据.....................................................................................................................................3-13
    6 @  c, Z% P' @; J" S5 Z, m; aE. 错误检查和处理....................................................................................................................................................3-14. @2 W% }3 i4 b+ U, \* x$ v
    练习 3-2 概念:调试 ............................................................................................................................................3-16
    7 k2 O* @5 D  O+ m) @! Q3 m( N第4 课4 s3 m, e5 f9 M6 l
    实现VI
    % V! n& p5 ~; Q0 I: @) u& dA. 设计前面板窗口....................................................................................................................................................4-2" \2 e- e0 s) E1 b
    B. LabVIEW 数据类型..............................................................................................................................................4-7
    ; B2 B/ ]* c1 I/ vC. 为代码添加说明信息..........................................................................................................................................4-13
    1 {" Y, A: V" m' [$ h练习 4-1 Determine Warnings VI ...................................................................................................................4-152 q: P2 [+ R1 D
    D. While 循环................................................................................................................................................................4-21) W2 p3 F  a& l2 `5 x* G
    练习 4-2 Auto Match VI.......................................................................................................................................4-24% y4 T1 Q6 E/ t/ N
    E. For 循环......................................................................................................................................................................4-29- A, n3 p' ^* e9 s/ `+ O& h
    练习 4-3 概念:While 循环与For 循环对比 ...........................................................................................4-32  {7 U3 G9 A: p( ?, p4 ]1 j- |
    F. 为VI 设置定时.......................................................................................................................................................4-34
    $ U4 R2 i/ H! C* v% a" k$ q/ WG. 迭代数据传递.........................................................................................................................................................4-349 M/ `3 A3 W5 K: `$ T
    练习 4-4 Average Temperature VI ...............................................................................................................4-370 O7 @+ O' T) @7 Z" q. g. N
    H. 数据绘图...................................................................................................................................................................4-40
    % `! F2 r( x$ T; K练习 4-5 Temperature Multiplot VI ................................................................................................................4-45
    ) i* Y4 q# M7 }$ C- ZI. 条件结构...................................................................................................................................................................4-48
    4 v1 @1 j: F7 H; C1 a1 j" m练习 4-6 Determine Warnings VI ...................................................................................................................4-53" I4 w* \" a1 J! m
    J. 公式节点...................................................................................................................................................................4-587 H+ c& V$ I2 p) e5 y
    练习 4-7 自学:Square Root VI ......................................................................................................................4-59
    ' y* D: C% B$ B: `; t6 r- |练习 4-8 自学:Determine Warnings VI (挑战) ...............................................................................4-627 Y  n1 H6 M2 G( h! m) m
    练习 4-9 自学:Determine Warnings VI (挑战) ...............................................................................4-65% F9 k! X2 D2 X- o6 `5 \: ^
    第5 课! K. |4 q) Y/ O" F; j+ `& B
    相关数据
    - u  D9 P4 C. VA. 数组.............................................................................................................................................................................5-2
    0 a; z& e9 l9 J练习 5-1 概念:操作数组 .................................................................................................................................5-7
    5 k" f9 R9 F$ j9 H+ ~7 I* i0 MB. 簇..................................................................................................................................................................................5-133 ]% h; N' ~3 l# Z1 E
    练习 5-2 概念:簇 .................................................................................................................................................5-18
    ) F0 g$ h1 y8 P7 c" RC. 自定义类型..............................................................................................................................................................5-22
    1 k, w  }" b. T3 z: w8 _( E练习 5-3 自定义类型 ............................................................................................................................................5-25
    3 W3 [1 C! @! \% t. t第6 课
    7 H5 }, q0 U) R4 ]) x/ U. ~* t存储测量数据
    & G; o, v$ G0 G( d: e& aA. 理解文件I/O...........................................................................................................................................................6-2
    + e! j6 x  ^* }4 y! fB. 理解高层文件I/O.................................................................................................................................................6-3
    # F. u2 U4 H. V练习 6-1 Spreadsheet Example VI ................................................................................................................6-49 W1 y  k. a- |1 e9 ?0 ?
    C. 底层文件I/O...........................................................................................................................................................6-7
    2 h  [" k! B: ~. \练习 6-2 Temperature Log VI...........................................................................................................................6-9+ _, R3 w! e4 @6 Y
    练习 6-3 自学:Read VCard VI......................................................................................................................6-115 h# ~" u7 B0 |7 b
    第7 课
    ( D- x3 l) b7 D2 I: ?开发模块化应用程序4 O% t7 a3 H: R$ V
    A. 理解模块化..............................................................................................................................................................7-2
    # ]  d4 p, l7 `' dB. 创建图标和连线板...............................................................................................................................................7-33 J- F. ?7 m, N, `& _9 H6 h8 R; P4 Y
    C. 使用子VI...................................................................................................................................................................7-7! y7 f5 w, [: t" M# x
    练习 7-1 Determine Warnings VI ...................................................................................................................7-9
    2 b1 L+ r% _: y  \) m- c( h! C第8 课  a/ a( @7 T  j# ?  U! H3 |
    数据采集/ B. D" g/ G6 O, u
    A. 使用硬件...................................................................................................................................................................8-2& q) f" G$ b+ D# j
    B. 与硬件通信..............................................................................................................................................................8-4: _' q) Y% x5 P: l
    C. 模拟一个DAQ 设备............................................................................................................................................8-6
    # f- s! ^! O  [4 }" f5 w+ B练习 8-1 概念:MAX.............................................................................................................................................8-7: ~7 t2 \; W. l. u9 K8 o! K7 W' x
    D. 测量模拟输入.........................................................................................................................................................8-12* P6 c$ w; y2 F# b
    练习 8-2 触发的模拟输入 VI .............................................................................................................................8-14
    ' R* P2 ?5 q# F- DE. 产生模拟输出.........................................................................................................................................................8-18
    7 g- t6 e! |0 S9 {" [* [) AF. 使用计数器..............................................................................................................................................................8-19
      S% r& A5 Y* q: u+ U练习 8-3 事件计数 VI ...........................................................................................................................................8-20
    * }0 ?& V( }0 Y5 ~% @; WG. 使用数字I/O...........................................................................................................................................................8-233 \8 Q6 t2 C! t8 o2 n4 G- m( G4 u" F
    练习 8-4 可选:数字计数 VI ............................................................................................................................8-249 O$ M5 [/ \, g' M4 q
    第9 课4 ^/ i3 ~/ \2 [, O! B+ a
    仪器控制
    % I8 r; ?; w  m' Q3 ?; J! x8 WA. 使用仪器控制.........................................................................................................................................................9-2
    ' L' `6 X) X+ |. M/ S7 U6 hB. 使用GPIB..................................................................................................................................................................9-2
    0 s" W# _! Q( C" eC. 使用串口通信.........................................................................................................................................................9-3& B8 j- |" H& |" q! h$ o6 i$ u. v
    D. 使用其它接口.........................................................................................................................................................9-5
    " s1 U. g! b) t1 F- t7 q( o2 ]E. 软件架构...................................................................................................................................................................9-5, |1 r3 D5 `/ c' J& u4 _6 X# U
    练习 9-1 概念:用MAX 配置GPIB ..............................................................................................................9-7
    # |" H) U% U! B- q" q; EF. 使用仪器I/O 助手................................................................................................................................................9-9
      v0 M( a5 T# P  b练习 9-2 概念:仪器I/O 助手 ........................................................................................................................9-10; ~, e4 z2 x3 M6 {' m
    G. 使用VISA ..................................................................................................................................................................9-161 V2 \: a" ^& a: s; s* F
    练习 9-3 VISA 写入 & 读取 VI ..........................................................................................................................9-185 ?/ n+ G( b+ P
    H. 使用仪器驱动程序...............................................................................................................................................9-21
    5 _: N+ F5 O$ f- X/ A练习 9-4 概念:NI Devsim VI............................................................................................................................9-23
    . ~6 g* p1 n2 ]4 U9 d; ~第10 课1 S7 K/ j- ]  u2 U: @$ f
    常用设计技巧和设计模型: o. i5 ^9 m4 J/ R. e1 E" Y" j- l
    A. 使用顺序编程.........................................................................................................................................................10-2* Z2 I" \, M; o4 G
    B. 使用状态编程.........................................................................................................................................................10-4- B; P" {2 h/ ?/ z4 s
    C. 状态机........................................................................................................................................................................10-5
    & r4 E: r2 G3 \3 W练习 10-1 State Machine VI ................................................................................................................................10-13* P& i( y- }( ~; z/ O& _# Y
    D. 使用并行机制.........................................................................................................................................................10-19, `3 w  P* \7 Z% b9 k+ t3 k0 ~1 J
    附录 A
    ( ]7 x; |8 [3 x6 N分析和处理数值数据! c' S) @7 ]  L
    A. 选择分析的正确方法..........................................................................................................................................A-2  [1 K. p$ e5 {7 C
    B. 分析类别...................................................................................................................................................................A-3" {+ j  @% U/ ?' A8 l
    练习 A-1 概念:分析类型 .................................................................................................................................A-5& R) ]6 a- \3 B
    附录 B
    % H% g1 e* S8 ^( T; \测量基础
    # p8 K9 E( L9 S$ M) e+ d( v" DA. 使用基于计算机的测量系统...........................................................................................................................B-2
    ( ?3 q( s2 x% q5 lB. 理解测量概念.........................................................................................................................................................B-33 }! H$ O1 o0 R' q. \- v
    C. 提高测量质量.........................................................................................................................................................B-10
      F# \6 s* `2 ]! ~3 m; Z练习 B-1 理论:测量基础 .................................................................................................................................B-14( @" f3 H/ Z" A! M& c) H
    附录 C# C9 R( w) v- Z6 S7 D, Q7 ?8 A
    CAN:控制器局域网
    7 g  T$ P' \4 _" |- j/ @' h- c5 cA. CAN 的发展历史...................................................................................................................................................C-2
    % i+ w4 ^* u2 {4 m) |) DB. CAN 基础..................................................................................................................................................................C-3
    0 A) c; N- U5 N练习 C-1 概念:CAN 设备配置 ......................................................................................................................C-6" m2 k0 n4 M2 k! ?& p7 t+ U
    C. 通道配置...................................................................................................................................................................C-8
    ! ^3 U0 f5 _9 k练习 C-2 通道配置 .................................................................................................................................................C-11
    ! V4 X4 J: K3 O( W8 m: v) cD. CAN API.....................................................................................................................................................................C-15" T9 g3 y# D" ?
    E. LabVIEW 中的CAN 编程(通道API).....................................................................................................C-16
    0 ~' Q) l2 i& w7 l; \练习 C-3 读写CAN 通道 ....................................................................................................................................C-19* `6 l3 q3 ?6 Y9 v! P
    练习 C-4 同步CAN 和DAQ..............................................................................................................................C-238 Q+ X/ w' n1 n" [
    附录 D% Q: |6 t: v% y+ E
    补充信息与资源9 P" t3 C0 _2 _
    索引& E; [% V) [. I" F2 ^
    课程评价) l) U) I* v; `! p1 _3 Z0 h% u
    ) A8 q% F( O. J6 l
    链接: https://pan.baidu.com/s/1i59sbhN 密码:
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