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[NI] LabVIEW官方基础教程(LV8.0)

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    目录+ ]5 {$ y; O, Z- ^
    学员指南6 E' E- u- Q6 D/ k
    A. 关于本手册..............................................................................................................................................................vii
    $ F$ @0 z2 m8 a4 fB. 学习本教程前的准备工作................................................................................................................................viii2 a5 ^( o2 @, m) {& c; G7 p
    C. 安装教程软件.........................................................................................................................................................ix, I$ @0 f1 T, W' D' }7 g
    D. 教程目标...................................................................................................................................................................ix, R, s; z6 y! [1 N2 o$ k1 j7 [
    E. 教程的行文规范....................................................................................................................................................ix
      I+ [) @+ E& ]/ x& S& A; Y+ b+ r" q第1 课# ]) g* j: u! s) Y- L! L, y
    设计解决方案4 c+ u9 U* e6 S  J0 @: p9 j& O
    A. 软件开发规范.........................................................................................................................................................1-2  `1 L- S4 T0 d7 Y
    B. 问题描述...................................................................................................................................................................1-2
    , h/ p3 C1 V4 S5 l( x8 z- a- ~C. 设计.............................................................................................................................................................................1-2" Q/ v' [* _+ [% |4 _  v9 E" X  c
    D. 实现.............................................................................................................................................................................1-5
    2 Z; i; f) f) L: [E. 测试.............................................................................................................................................................................1-61 L2 H4 K* B) G" X1 Q
    F. 维护.............................................................................................................................................................................1-6
      I1 P! ^. J3 V' E& J9 t  H4 {练习 1-1 软件开发规范 ......................................................................................................................................1-7, q2 c) ]8 H& p- b- X# ~* ^  i$ W
    G. 教程项目...................................................................................................................................................................1-9
    " t; B3 u8 i4 _1 @1 }( y6 k第2 课* U% e) N0 g4 q3 W, t5 ?3 C7 c3 x
    LabVIEW 导航) _; U: x: l& t4 o* G/ y
    A. 虚拟仪器(VI) ..........................................................................................................................................................2-2
    ; V: u& O( Q0 S( sB. VI 的组成部分.........................................................................................................................................................2-2
    / k$ L5 i, ~7 ^5 h1 J, }- }9 jC. 启动VI........................................................................................................................................................................2-4; H; {) S1 P+ _
    D. 项目浏览器..............................................................................................................................................................2-7" `) M8 B3 q4 s4 o* C
    E. 前面板窗口..............................................................................................................................................................2-10$ \# C  x, J9 b8 R7 k
    F. 程序框图窗口.........................................................................................................................................................2-162 G& G2 i) b$ l0 S8 {8 F) e9 n% g5 Z
    练习 2-1 概念:浏览VI .......................................................................................................................................2-23
    ! a5 Y3 q) L) H/ s0 sG. 搜索控件、VI 和函数........................................................................................................................................2-24
    ! R+ l5 C0 b* U! H6 D# m+ E练习 2-2 概念:浏览选板 .................................................................................................................................2-264 k: l, J2 [) S
    H. 选择工具...................................................................................................................................................................2-27
    " k; _; g" l8 d5 T6 g练习 2-3 概念:选择工具 .................................................................................................................................2-332 M, R0 L3 B9 n) q
    I. 数据流........................................................................................................................................................................2-36
    0 o: n4 a/ r: T* a练习 2-4 概念:数据流 ......................................................................................................................................2-37, M; H: U2 Y: W( E# t
    J. 创建一个简单的VI...............................................................................................................................................2-38) ^( v7 N* P; C. g% E+ L
    练习 2-5 Simple AAP VI .......................................................................................................................................2-41. j! _, d0 u9 N9 g) x) C
    第3 课: c5 H, [; ^! i2 ^( e& S
    疑难解答和调试VI
    + I7 Q% R! u$ kA. LabVIEW 帮助工具..............................................................................................................................................3-2
    9 z3 X- f; S' ?  h( q0 U6 x. x, G练习 3-1 概念:帮助指南 .................................................................................................................................3-5
    / j" r4 z% O/ f, C8 [3 oB. 纠正断开的VI.........................................................................................................................................................3-8
    ) O' }! S; k- Z6 g4 y, w# YC. 调试技术...................................................................................................................................................................3-9# o3 [, g" L) Q& A; ?8 m: W$ @* M
    D. 未定义或不可预期数据.....................................................................................................................................3-13
    7 y8 h" o. f7 H* q# rE. 错误检查和处理....................................................................................................................................................3-142 ]: y/ b* Z1 }( t$ s* A7 k
    练习 3-2 概念:调试 ............................................................................................................................................3-160 @* n& E8 U  T1 u
    第4 课
    " g# p5 q( H* @' ?实现VI+ I, b# S5 A( V) U5 W
    A. 设计前面板窗口....................................................................................................................................................4-2, M- O/ s( O: F: e0 o  [. U
    B. LabVIEW 数据类型..............................................................................................................................................4-7
    ! s& I; r7 K; ~: o$ UC. 为代码添加说明信息..........................................................................................................................................4-13! W# J/ x3 C+ M( q, ~+ a6 ?
    练习 4-1 Determine Warnings VI ...................................................................................................................4-15: m2 _: ^& g- s4 ~; _
    D. While 循环................................................................................................................................................................4-21
    % N5 h9 o- |- T% U5 Z练习 4-2 Auto Match VI.......................................................................................................................................4-240 S4 L1 B$ V" N" Z4 G
    E. For 循环......................................................................................................................................................................4-29
    2 S9 ]' U! x! q+ }# _( d练习 4-3 概念:While 循环与For 循环对比 ...........................................................................................4-32
    4 E  K6 T9 _- C+ L- dF. 为VI 设置定时.......................................................................................................................................................4-342 q/ p+ |1 i- f+ ^) J+ C$ ^3 A) ?
    G. 迭代数据传递.........................................................................................................................................................4-34
    , [! \5 S7 t- Q; T) z/ X' V% t$ [1 s练习 4-4 Average Temperature VI ...............................................................................................................4-37
    6 o# e7 `9 ^) [! R/ W3 _H. 数据绘图...................................................................................................................................................................4-40: U$ E- [2 J: h/ y7 F' b' S
    练习 4-5 Temperature Multiplot VI ................................................................................................................4-45
    # |  R9 r* l* B, x! `( o9 ~6 A- HI. 条件结构...................................................................................................................................................................4-483 [* j8 A/ l8 e
    练习 4-6 Determine Warnings VI ...................................................................................................................4-53
    7 ~/ R) J9 n* A8 IJ. 公式节点...................................................................................................................................................................4-58' b7 F7 F2 L3 R% `5 G! R
    练习 4-7 自学:Square Root VI ......................................................................................................................4-59% g5 s& j0 N/ A: r2 z2 X+ j, _* @# P0 Q
    练习 4-8 自学:Determine Warnings VI (挑战) ...............................................................................4-62
    9 |' `4 Q: P8 I3 t5 i9 Q练习 4-9 自学:Determine Warnings VI (挑战) ...............................................................................4-655 K/ u$ D( n9 |5 g* P$ ?
    第5 课
    ( z% \* r- ]7 ~. S" ^相关数据
    8 A$ D9 u2 y% k5 ~- b/ f; s$ f5 EA. 数组.............................................................................................................................................................................5-2
    + _  @+ t0 V6 `4 P% Y1 M, c5 x! v练习 5-1 概念:操作数组 .................................................................................................................................5-7
    8 X; t8 K. M. c3 M- fB. 簇..................................................................................................................................................................................5-13
    : L+ h( ]$ A! N$ P4 B# M& k练习 5-2 概念:簇 .................................................................................................................................................5-18
    % w5 Z) P7 S- X0 u, Z; m8 Q( z3 `C. 自定义类型..............................................................................................................................................................5-22" z: u3 U/ [% g- _3 p
    练习 5-3 自定义类型 ............................................................................................................................................5-254 z0 X/ P& G# @5 h4 A0 q
    第6 课
    + u5 y3 C3 Z" y1 W) @2 b存储测量数据3 x+ p/ v8 T# d5 M
    A. 理解文件I/O...........................................................................................................................................................6-2- J5 n% ?: C2 w3 `4 c  N  L* w) Z9 F( @
    B. 理解高层文件I/O.................................................................................................................................................6-3, y$ w. |9 N8 {9 Y: v& \. T
    练习 6-1 Spreadsheet Example VI ................................................................................................................6-40 A8 M( R; @" y: x& r
    C. 底层文件I/O...........................................................................................................................................................6-78 g) Q* Z& Y% ~$ ?9 p
    练习 6-2 Temperature Log VI...........................................................................................................................6-9
    * D. d0 L" G) F, Z, |. C9 Z练习 6-3 自学:Read VCard VI......................................................................................................................6-11
    + L, w) u# M2 `  ^2 H9 X2 ]1 Y第7 课
    ) j9 w: E, Y, L) G. z开发模块化应用程序* I% h& Y% k, s! u* ]
    A. 理解模块化..............................................................................................................................................................7-2
    , k( q# v9 t& H+ g8 uB. 创建图标和连线板...............................................................................................................................................7-3
    8 U1 ^- g6 t$ |9 `% N& @" OC. 使用子VI...................................................................................................................................................................7-7
    4 c6 B0 _+ n6 ~" K; R6 v6 i练习 7-1 Determine Warnings VI ...................................................................................................................7-9
    ' W! ^6 k1 x7 w第8 课0 D: _7 {* f* l' Z
    数据采集  _+ }. ?; N  o, C
    A. 使用硬件...................................................................................................................................................................8-2" S/ [% j( a+ v: g* G4 u6 Q
    B. 与硬件通信..............................................................................................................................................................8-41 c5 T' a; \  Q; R  w
    C. 模拟一个DAQ 设备............................................................................................................................................8-6
    / @/ v, [$ o! O$ V4 k练习 8-1 概念:MAX.............................................................................................................................................8-7
    . L( Y# m/ w' w7 ^' q. D4 a5 hD. 测量模拟输入.........................................................................................................................................................8-121 \) h8 r# J5 U; a1 i6 x; {/ C
    练习 8-2 触发的模拟输入 VI .............................................................................................................................8-140 v9 X0 L4 l* x- d# k
    E. 产生模拟输出.........................................................................................................................................................8-188 i0 d0 m5 }6 D, B3 _7 h
    F. 使用计数器..............................................................................................................................................................8-19" q  C3 }2 i# Q" n
    练习 8-3 事件计数 VI ...........................................................................................................................................8-20/ z  [; t- B5 N. O
    G. 使用数字I/O...........................................................................................................................................................8-23
    / R' P+ C! ~+ `5 ]) n9 m; \, `练习 8-4 可选:数字计数 VI ............................................................................................................................8-241 \' M9 Z! b4 g
    第9 课
    % A  K+ @( b) }仪器控制, y' r% t, O- a. n" L
    A. 使用仪器控制.........................................................................................................................................................9-20 T& M8 J/ i- \) S/ @  v& ?2 n* B7 ^
    B. 使用GPIB..................................................................................................................................................................9-2; T4 E' Q: v6 H/ W; d% t$ M
    C. 使用串口通信.........................................................................................................................................................9-3, K  R% L) j  L. ~' [4 i8 [- [  C$ ]9 U
    D. 使用其它接口.........................................................................................................................................................9-5/ c7 q; b5 N! T1 {$ Q/ x( k6 C: e
    E. 软件架构...................................................................................................................................................................9-5
    . k3 Y* \4 f" x; E练习 9-1 概念:用MAX 配置GPIB ..............................................................................................................9-7' o3 ]. c8 a: F, i4 I
    F. 使用仪器I/O 助手................................................................................................................................................9-9& L" F! u+ K. ?
    练习 9-2 概念:仪器I/O 助手 ........................................................................................................................9-107 v1 t/ r6 G) x* [  z% O6 R
    G. 使用VISA ..................................................................................................................................................................9-16
    : H9 F. z! C# }3 G% ?" y: P/ m练习 9-3 VISA 写入 & 读取 VI ..........................................................................................................................9-185 j: o) }$ H1 n) t5 |- l
    H. 使用仪器驱动程序...............................................................................................................................................9-21
    7 N' a" t% G  t+ {8 B# A6 G1 c6 N练习 9-4 概念:NI Devsim VI............................................................................................................................9-23
    8 B* e9 ]% X! S8 [" W4 ~第10 课
    9 O  h3 ], j: ?. H% M  [! ?1 i% v. U: ~常用设计技巧和设计模型
    0 S1 Q6 N+ k+ x1 [( \A. 使用顺序编程.........................................................................................................................................................10-2
    ! Y% m% _. ]0 W2 \3 RB. 使用状态编程.........................................................................................................................................................10-4
    6 j7 `3 I* p( _; d) AC. 状态机........................................................................................................................................................................10-5
    % |" j2 V+ l3 I6 N3 J练习 10-1 State Machine VI ................................................................................................................................10-13+ I% g5 }0 `6 l& J
    D. 使用并行机制.........................................................................................................................................................10-19
    & e/ \% c9 ?) r9 Y& A附录 A( m- q+ X( j6 c5 T
    分析和处理数值数据6 Q3 n2 \9 {. A' c$ C( _, i
    A. 选择分析的正确方法..........................................................................................................................................A-2# U3 M, g, M! m
    B. 分析类别...................................................................................................................................................................A-3
      e- Z7 S- q8 v: _; X" ]) p练习 A-1 概念:分析类型 .................................................................................................................................A-50 o6 c5 ^+ q. w5 ^. j
    附录 B+ d# @% W. h9 {) P" Z' P" M5 m
    测量基础0 \9 D9 ]# N( j9 E6 x5 s
    A. 使用基于计算机的测量系统...........................................................................................................................B-2" X" p" k3 w8 B
    B. 理解测量概念.........................................................................................................................................................B-3  Q9 x  z$ O# y
    C. 提高测量质量.........................................................................................................................................................B-10
    2 p: {# ]4 o' S8 Q: @7 F练习 B-1 理论:测量基础 .................................................................................................................................B-14
    " t' P- y2 b$ |附录 C8 B1 N" K3 ^  {% @( G
    CAN:控制器局域网
    ! U6 t1 p/ }( Q* OA. CAN 的发展历史...................................................................................................................................................C-2( t" T$ D  o/ O4 f" _, ?
    B. CAN 基础..................................................................................................................................................................C-3. p* B. G2 [. E: l0 Q& X. Y3 h2 {) z
    练习 C-1 概念:CAN 设备配置 ......................................................................................................................C-6: |/ a3 O. c' a7 f( S
    C. 通道配置...................................................................................................................................................................C-8
    9 V6 r# G* V  J1 u4 t& x练习 C-2 通道配置 .................................................................................................................................................C-11& v* W$ ~; N) y
    D. CAN API.....................................................................................................................................................................C-155 C* J, k5 i6 V
    E. LabVIEW 中的CAN 编程(通道API).....................................................................................................C-16
    2 H" W5 A$ d% R% C/ s% P: S- B5 t1 `4 \练习 C-3 读写CAN 通道 ....................................................................................................................................C-19, Y  O: s9 I7 m, N3 D0 r  f
    练习 C-4 同步CAN 和DAQ..............................................................................................................................C-23' e+ y  ?9 c! u! M+ m9 H
    附录 D
    8 B. c: F) S# X6 h/ a补充信息与资源
    # I  b! X0 U3 u: z- ^: B) k3 r$ U/ Q索引
    ; b4 i9 [1 h1 Y% I4 V" q0 _) U; Z! N课程评价' y. ^4 F+ Y, k

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